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Community Systems Strengthening

Communities have unique knowledge and experience of the issues they face. Coordinated, capacitated and resilient communities play a vital role in the development of national plans and can help to improve access to services.

The Community Systems Strengthening (CSS) programme, funded by the Global Fund, will strengthen the coordination of the national AIDS response and build the capacity of community organisations and structures across the country. Working together, the AIDS Foundation of South Africa (AFSA) and NACOSA will implement the programme across all nine provinces.



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Community Systems Toolbox

Key Populations are groups of people who are most at risk of getting and passing on HIV, STIs and TB. You will also hear people using other terms, including vulnerable, at-risk and priority populations. The second of our series of informative poster-pamphlets looks at Key Populations, definitions and intersections between key population groups.

TOOLBOX #2 > Key Populations; Definitions; Intersections (May 2017)

How to use this Toolbox 

You and your community or organisation can discuss which people are included as key and vulnerable populations for HIV, AIDS, TB and STIs in the new National Strategic Plan. You can discuss why these groups are more at risk. We have included a worksheet which you can use to guide these discussions.

DOWNLOAD Worksheet >

Theories of Change


TOOLBOX #1 > Introduction to CSS; Theories of Change; Involving the Right People (October 2016)

Speak to your AFSA or NACOSA representative for copies.

Consultative process

The CSS consultative process provides a platform for stakeholders to discuss key issues and strengthen coordination. These processes take place within larger community systems structures, mechanisms and networks made up of different types of entities: community members, formal and informal community organisations and other stakeholders in the community.

Regular district-level consultative forums with NACOSA Network members and other stakeholders enable us to share learning, get feedback on specific issues and support the implementation of the National Strategic Plan, coordinated by SANAC.